leanto covered with poles and dirt and carpeted with Mother Earth while I cut and erected a mansion of round logs, covered with clapboards. It was 14x16 feet in size. Wasn't we proud of our home? We felt as though we were monarchs of all we could survey. There were about eight or ten houses in sight. We prepared some land and put in a crop but the grasshoppers took it. We gathered raspberries, which were abundant and grapes. For yeast we used cottonwood bark. For meat prairie chickens were trapped. Our best help was secured from among the Omaha Indians who helped us in harvest.
For ten years Mr. Shafer resided in Arizona township. He then removed to his farm west of Tekamah where he resided for three years. In 1870 he moved to Tekamah and engaged in merchandising for twenty years. Since that time he has devoted his time to managing his farm interests.
Mr. Shafer was united in marriage March 13th, 1853, to Miss Editha E. Gibson.
In 1871 and 1872 Mr. Shafer was postmaster of Tekamah. resigning in the latter year. In 1857 he served as Justice of the Peace in Arizona township. In 1896 he was elected Mayor of Tekamah and at various times was elected member of the city council.
MELLVILLE R. HOPEWELL was born March 27th, 1845, in Monroe county, Indiana. At the age of six years he accompanied his parents to Collin county, Texas, and in 1857 removed with them to Worth county, Missouri. where he lived on a farm and attended the district school during the winter months. In 1863 he enlisted in Co. G, 3d Missouri Mounted Militia, organized for the purpose of suppressing marauding bands of bushwhackers and robbers that infested the state under the leadership of the notorious Quantrell, Bill Davidson and others. He served with his regiment until it was disbanded and in the spring of 1864, at the age of nineteen, started out to seek his fortune. He