The Brave Men and Women who Opened the "Trail of the Loup."

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     This section of the work is devoted to very brief biographical sketches of the brave men and women who opened the trail of the Loup. We should have said some of the brave men and women, for it has been practically impossible to see personally all who deserve a place here. It is to be regretted that all old-timers did not send in their biographies as they were invited to do through the press of the Valley. Space was offered free to every pioneer and if advantage was not taken of this the fault must lie with him rather than with the author. Some who are prominently mentioned in the main body of the text are not mentioned in this list.

Valley County

     ADAMS, A. S.--Mr. A. S. Adams was born in Hounsville, N. Y., Sept. 18, 1882. When he was but three years old his parents moved to Pillar Point, in Jefferson County, N. Y. Here he lived till the winter of 1852 when being taken with the "Gold Fever" which was so prevalent at that time he set sail in the South Hampton, a "store ship under Commodore Perry, and landed in Placer County, California. the following spring. He now lived the life of a miner till August, 1861, when he enlisted in the Union army. Upon being discharged some three years and twenty one days later, he went to New York and married Miss Kathrina Nay in the fall of the same year. In the spring of 1874 he came to Valley county where he has since lived on his beautiful farm on Turtle Creek. His wife died October 28, 1901.

ANDERSON, NIELS---is one of the "original five" Danes who settled north of Ord in the spring of 1872. He was born at Arendlev, Denmark, August 12, 1841. In his old country home he spent much time in the Danish  (230) naval service. Thus during the Dano-German War of 1864 he took part in the battle of Heligoland where the Danish fleet defeated and put to flight the united German and Austrian naval forces. Soon after the war he came to America, spending four years in Illinois and Missouri. In April, 1872, as told elsewhere in the book, he came to Valley county and settled upon the southwest quarter of the famous section 8, Ord township. Here, on July 6, 1873, he was married to Johanne Mortensen, thus making good his right to having been the first man married in the new county. They have six children who have grown up to be useful members of society. The Andersons still own their old homestead although they have for many years made their home on a timber-claim near Ord. They have accumulated much of this world's goods, and are growing old in our midst, respected and honored by all who know them.

AYERS, C. M.--is perhaps one of the best known of all the early settlers in the neighborhood of North Loup. He was born in Clark county, Ohio, in July, 1838. His father died when he was but a small boy and so in 1854 he and his mother moved to Rock county, Wisconsin. In 1861, he enlisted in Co. E. 5th Wisconsin Infantry and served till July, 1864. While leading the life of a soldier he was engaged in the battles of Williamsburg, Savage Station, Antietam, two battles at Fredericksburg. Gettysburg Wilderness and several others of importance. In September, 1872, Mr. Ayers was married and in October of the same year made a trip to the North Loup Valley where he took a homestead and then immediately went back to Wisconsin for his wife. He returned in April, 1873, and has been a resident of Valley county ever Since. In 1892 he retired from hard work on account of an injury received while in the army and subsequent bad health. He is now a resident of North Loup.

BABCOCK, OSCAR, --Legislator, postmaster, farmer and stock-raiser, came to Valley county, Neb., and located on a homestead at what is now a part of North Loup, in November, 1872. This is now a thriving village containing about five hundred people. The village was laid out by J. A. Green, under the supervision of Mr. Babcock, July 17, 1874, on the north-east quarter of section 85, town 18, range 13, with an addition laid out in June, 1881, by Oscar Babcock; second addition made in May, 1882. Mr. Babcock was president of a Seventh-Day Baptist colony which was organized in Waushara county, Wis., which colony settled in North Loup in May,1872. Mr. B. arrived with his family in November of the same year. His wife died in Waushara, Wisconsin, in the fall of 1872. They have four children, --Edwin J., Arthur E., Myra and George J. Mr. B, with his small children settled in a dug-out fourteen feet square and lived there until the summer of 1873, when he erected a red cedar block house. He was pastor of the Seventh-Day Baptist Church for more than five years, preaching the first sermon in a small grove on the bank of the North Loup River, in May, 1872, to a congregation of twenty-five pioneers. He was appointed agent of immigration for Valley county. He has been postmaster off and on ever since January, 1873. He was born in Cattaraugas county, N. Y., (231) March 15, 1884, and lived in his native state until 1849. His family then moved to Rock county, Wis., where he attended school for five years, then to Waushara county, Wis., being the first of the pioneers in the then wilds of central Wisconsin. He is a self-educated and thoroughly practical business man. His first wife's maiden name was Metta A. Bristol, of New York state. He was again married in 1877, to Miss Hattie E. Payn of North Loup, who died in February, 1880. Mr. B. was a member of the Wisconsin Legislature in 1865-66; was elected Probate Judge of Valley county, holding the office one term was County Superintendent of schools one term; in the Nebraska State Legislature in 1879. Elder Babcock is the president of the "Old settlers' Meeting" of the North Loup Valley and does much to further the interest in this organization.

BABCOCK, HEMAN A.--who but lately died while holding the office of Deputy State Treasurer under Peter Mortensen, is one of the early trailers whose memory will long be cherished on the Loup. He came to North Loup, May 15, 1872, and located on a homestead in section 2, township 19, range 13. He was the first sheriff of Valley county, and held the office of clerk from 1876 to 1882. Later he was elected president of the First National Bank at Ord and then Auditor of the State of Nebraska. Since that time he has held many lucrative positions of trust under the various state administrations. He was born in Cattaraugas county, New York, May 19, 1842. He later removed with his parents to Wisconsin. He enlisted in 1863 in Co. G., Thirty-Seventh Reg., Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry and was mustered out in 1865 as Sergeant Major. After spending some years in Minnesota he joined the Seventh-Day Baptist colony of Waushara county, Wisconsin, at North Loup. He was married August 28, 1862, to Retta O. Bristol of Kenosha county, Wisconsin. They have two grown sons, Everett C. and Royal O.

BABCOCK, N. W.--was born in Shelby county, Ohio in 1844. When he was ten years old his parents took up their home in Iowa where he lived till 1872. At this time he moved to Nebraska and took a pre-emption claim about three and one-half miles southeast from North Loup. In the following year he purchased his present farm and has lived there and in North Loup ever since. Mr. Babcock has always been a farmer and a glance at his well kept place will satisfy everyone that he has been successful in his chosen calling.

BADGER, DR. CHARLES--was born in Kingsbury, Washington county, N. Y., on the 21st of March, 1824. He lived in his native state until eighteen years of age, during the last three years of which he taught in the public school of his native town. From this time until the age of twenty-two he studied theology. From twenty-two to twenty-seven years of age he studied medicine and clerked in a store. On June 9, 1851, he went before Drs. Johnson and Bartlett, of Milwaukee, Censors of the State Medical examiners, and upon their recommendation received the society's diploma at the hands of Alfred L. Castleman, who was then president of the society. In the same month be commenced the practice of medicine (232) with A. L. Castleman at Delafield, Waukesha county, Wis. On March 31, 1853, he was married to Samantha L. Maxon. They have two children, Katie M. and Hettie S. Badger. While living in Wisconsin, Katie, married Mr. W. J. Holliday, railroad contractor. Hettie S. married James Vernon, an English gentleman. Dr. Badger graduated March 14, 1871, at the Chicago Medical College, the Medical department of the Northwestern University, receiving the college and university seals. He practiced medicine in Waukesha, Dodge, Dane and Rock counties, Wis., McHenry county, Ill., and Clinton county Iowa. In the spring of 1872, he came to Valley county, Nebr., and located on section 26, town 17; broke 120 acres, took a timber claim and broke forty acres, and planted twenty in trees. He practiced medicine in Valley, Sherman, Howard, Greeley and Taylor counties for nearly eight years, when overwork and failing health compelled him to abandon it. He was appointed by the Governor to register votes of Valley county; was coroner three terms, justice of peace one term, first county superintendent of public instruction for Valley county, fought through the first public highway, built the first bridge and gave to North Loup its name. The venerable doctor spends his declining years at the comfortable family home in the town he helped to found.

BAILEY, DANIEL COOLEY,--the grand old man of the Loup, was born in New York State, October 15, 1820. which makes him now more than 85 years old. He was married April 6, 1845, to Susan E. Dale. They have four children, Mary, George, Harry and Frank. Leaving New York the Bailey family sojourned for some years in Wisconsin and came on west to Nebraska and the Loup in 1872. They came overland by way of Nance county and reached the site of their future home September 3, 1872. From the first Mr. Bailey was one of the pillars of the upper colony. When Valley county was organized in 1873 he was elected one of the first board of commissioners and as such performed his duty well. When the Indian scares of 1873 stirred the settlements his cabin became a rallying point; when later needy wayfarers happened up on the north side of the Loup, they could expect a hearty welcome from Grandpa and Grandma Bailey, for their latchstring always swung inward. Now that declining years are beginning to set their stamp upon these staunch first-comers they may at any rate have the satisfaction of having lived to see the once virgin valley become a part of the great American Commonwealth in riches and in fact.

BARKER, THOMAS O.,--one of the first settlers of Mira Valley was Thomas O. Barker. He was born in Almond, Allegheny county, New York, July 24, 1838. In 1856 he moved to Milton, Wisconsin. He celebrated New Year's Day of 1861 by taking Miss Mary A. Needham as a helpmeet. Because of failing health he came to the Loup country in June, 1873, taking one of the first homesteads in Mira Valley. Mr. Barker died July 8, 1897. Mrs. Barker and the two oldest sons now farm the homestead. The youngest son is a physician in one of the leading hospitals of London, England.

BANCROFT, RUFUS W.--One of the first comers to the Loup and one of the first set of county commissioners, spent his early life in Michigan, (233) where he was born in March, 1826. He arrived with his family in Springdale early in the spring of 1873 and was for many years a leader in public life. Of his three children Emma C., S. T. and Libbie May, the former married William A. Hobson, August 10, 1873, and as such was the second white woman married in Valley county. Mr. Hobson set up the first blacksmith shop in the upper Loup, first in Springdale and later at Fort Hartsuff where he became the post smith. After a time again he moved his shop to Calamus and then to Ord. He died after a lingering illness, June 13, 1883, leaving a wife and one daughter Cora, behind.

BARTZ, FREDERICK--was born in Pommerania, Germany, November 4, 1844. Here he lived till he was about 18 years old when he moved to the vicinity of Berlin. When 28 years old he married Miss Augusta Schoning. Hearing of the possibilities of this country through his brother-in-law, Mr. Otto Schoning, they came to the U. S. in the fall of 1877 and settled in Valley county about six miles north of North Loup. Here they have lived since.

BEE, N.--is a native of West Virginia in which state he was born in 1837. He moved to Minnesota in 1865 where he lived for twelve years. In 1877 he moved to Valley county and settled on a farm near North Loup. Mr. Bee has followed farming principally as an occupation although he did spend four years as a merchant in North Loup.

BENSON, DANIEL--Mr. Daniel Benson was born in Steuben county, New York, October 31, 1839. When he was twelve years old his parents moved to Lake county, Illinois. Here he grew to manhood and on August 2, 1862, enlisted in Co. G. 96th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served till June 11, 1865. On December 26 of the same year he took unto himself as a wife a Miss Shotswell. They came to Platte county, Nebraska, in 1869, only to remove to the Loup country and homestead in Greeley county in 1873. Here they resided till Feb. 2, 1899, when Mr. Benson died. Mrs. Benson bought her present home in North Loup in 1903 and has since made this her home.

BOETTGER, CONRAD--was born near the city of Cassel in Germany in 1841 where he lived the first 24 years of his life. Then coming to America he spent several years in New York, Pennsylvania and Maryland. In 1869 he arrived at Wautoma, Wisconsin, and in the winter of the year he married a Miss Hannah Nickell. In the spring of 1874 they came to Mira Valley and on May 9 homesteaded their present home farm. Mr. Boettger is one of Mira Valley's prominent farmers and is very much interested in horticulture.

BURDICK, AMOS R.--was born April 27, 1827, in Scott, Courtland county, N. Y. Here he grew to manhood and on August 27, 1852, married a Miss Martha Spencer. Immediately they went to Waupaca county, Wisconsin, where they resided till shortly before the Civil War when they moved to Milton, Wisconsin. In 1861 Mr. Burdick enlisted in the 13th Wisconsin Infantry, Co. B., and for four long years he served as a soldier of the federal government. In the spring of 1872 they homesteaded in (234) Valley county just across the river from the old Stewart place. From 1883 to 1889 these people lived in Rushville, Nebr. They then took up their residence in Plimona, California. Here they resided till in 1903 when on a visit to their daughter, Mrs. Stewart, Mr. Burdick died. His wife still lives in Plimona.

BOWER, CHARLEY---Although Charley Bower was born in Baden, Germany, in 1851 it is hardly possible that he remembers very many experiences that took place in the old country for his parents moved to America when he was but six months old. His first home in this land was in Freeport, Illinois, where he resided until he came of age. The next three years of his life were spent in Omaha, after which time he came to the North Loup valley and settled on this present farm in 1874. Mr. Bower has always been a successful farmer and stock raiser.

CHASE HENRY A.--was born in Jefferson county N. Y., in 1837. He received the rudiments of his education here and when eighteen years of age moved to Wisconsin. Here he completed his education at Albion Academy. He enlisted in the Union Army and served till August '65. His war record is a very honorable one. He was seriously wounded in the explosion and suceeding disastrous charge before Petersburg. Later he was present at Lee's surrender at Appomattox. At the close of the war he returned to Wisconsin; thence he moved to Minnesota and later to Missouri, where he dwelt thirteen years. In 1859 he married Delia Babcock, a sister of Oscar and Heman A. Babcock. He has one daughter, Nellie E. Black. The family came to North Loup in 1879, when Mr. Chase bought one quarter of the section on which North Loup is located. Mr. Chase has been a lifelong Republican, casting his first vote for Abraham Lincoln. He has been a member of the county board off and on for twelve years and a member of the North Loup school board for more than twenty years.

CHRISTIAN, PETER-- is probably one of the best known men from the neighborhood of Arcadia. He was born in Denmark May 18, 1848. In 1867 he came to Wisconsin where he lived as a farmer till 1874. He then moved to Indiana from which place, after a three years' stay, he came to this valley. At first he bought some railroad land at $1.25 per acre and in 1880, being well pleased with the country, he took up his claim about three miles north from Arcadia. In 1884 he purchased his present farm near town.

COLLINS, W. G.--was born in Alleghany county, New York, in 1845. In 1863 he moved to Wisconsin where he lived for nine years, engaged as a farmer. In 1872 he came to Valley county and settled on the same farm on which he now resides. Mr. Collins is one of the best known and most (235) highly respected citizens of this valley. While a member of the first Militia organized in this county, he was called out three times on account of Indian scares but never came into any active engagement. His daughter, who was born January 30, 1873, bears the distinction of being the very first white child born in Valley county.

COLBY, H. M.--was born in the state of Maine in February, 1836. When 17 years old he came to Wisconsin, which state remained his home till 1876. On July 24, 1861, he was married and nine days afterwards enlisted in Co. I., 2nd Wisconsin Infantry. From this time on to the time of his discharge he never received a furlough and never saw his bride. In February of the following year Mr. Green re-enlisted in Co. E, 9th Illinois Cavalry and served eight months. During his life as a soldier he fought in many of the most important battles of the war, including 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, siege of Petersburg and several others. After the war he returned to Wisconsin where he lived till September, 1876, when he came to Greeley county, Nebraska, and took up a claim about four miles northeast of North Loup. In 1882 he moved to town where he has lived ever since.

COOMBS, MINGERSON--is a native of Knox county, Me., and when 13 years of age moved with his parents to LaPorte county, Ind., where he worked on a farm until of age. He then opened a store in New Carlisle, Ind. His next move was to Berrien county, Mich., where he bought a fruit farm, and four years later, in 1873, sold out and came to Valley county. He located a homestead and a tree claim, and has probably accomplished what no other man in the United States has, to-wit, taking a timber claim under the original timber culture act, which required the actual planting and cultivation of forty acres of timber. This he successfully accomplished and now has one of the finest bodies of timber in the state, many of the trees being two feet in diameter. He still owns both quarter sections, with 230 acres under a high state of cultivation, besides 67 acres adjacent to Ord with 50 acres under cultivation. Mr. Coombs has been a prominent factor in Ord having held many positions of trust and honor. He has creditably filled the offices of County Commissioner, County Surveyor, County Superintendent of schools and Mayor of the city. He is also a representative business man and one of the most highly respected citizens. 

COON, J. L.--was born in Alleghany county, New York, in 1840. His parents moved to Wisconsin when he was but a child and this continued his home till 1860. Then he went to Minnesota and lived there as a farmer till 1877 when he came to Nebraska and settled near Fort Hartsuff. In 1893 he went to Oregon but like most of the other folks who move away from the Loup Valley he returned in 1895. He is now engaged in the feed (236) business in Burwell.

CRANDALL, ALPHA M.---was born in Milton, Wis., December 11, 1852. When 14 years of age his parents moved to Illinois where he was raised as a farmer. Late in October, 1878, he came to Valley county and homesteaded six miles from North Loup. On May 25, 1882, he married a Miss Rood. Then for ten years they lived on their farm. In 1892 they moved to North Loup where they still live.

CRANDALL, MAXON--one of North Loup's oldest inhabitants was born in Alleghany county, N. Y. away back in 1827. He was brought up and received his schooling there. For many years he followed the profession of a mechanic. He was early married to Elizabeth Lily, by whom he has had six children, three of whom are living. When he took up the westward march it was to halt for some time in Wisconsin and Minnesota, and finally in 1879, to move to Nebraska. Here he has farmed and in various ways made an honest living. He is now retired at the ripe age of 78.

DAVIS, A. J.--Though not of the first immigration to Valley county, another early settler is Mr. A. J. Davis of North Loup. He was born in Salem county, West Virginia, December 21, 1829. When but a boy of nine his parents moved to Ft. Jefferson, Ohio, where Mr. Davis gained his majority. Soon afterwards he went to Peoria, Ill. Later he removed to Welton, Iowa. Here he met a Miss Esther S. Worth whom he married on October 25, 1857. In May, 1874 these people moved to North Loup and here Mrs. Davis passed away November 22, 1893. Mr. Davis has carried the mail ever since the railroad came to North Loup.

DAVIS, HENRY S.--was born in 1844 in Louis county, N.Y. At the age of twelve he came to Walworth county, Wisconsin, and grew to manhood there. He was a member of the 22nd Wisconsin Regiment and served actively for three years. After the Civil War he moved to Minnesota where he pursued farming for twelve years. He came to North Loup in 1877 and took a homestead three-quarters of a mile from town. Later he was proprietor of the Union Hotel of North Loup for three years. Since that time he has been at different times liveryman, farmer, etc. September 28, 1867, he was married to Abbie F. Greene. They are the parents of six children.

DAVIS, NEWTON--was born in Ohio in 1834. When but ten years old his parents moved to Rock county, Wis., where he lived for nearly twenty years. In 1861 he married a Miss Clement and after two years took up his home in Minnesota. In 1868 they turned their faces towards the west and after spending six years in Iowa finally landed in this Eldorado of the West, the great North Loup Valley, Their home was now on a farm about eight miles south of North Loup. In 1891 they came to North Loup where Mr. Davis died in June 1903, his sorrowing wife surviving him.

FLINT, E. R.--was born in Lincolnshire England, in 1850. He was married in 1869. He was a farmer until 1870 when he moved to Sheffield, England. While here he worked for one of those big steel manufacturing companies which make Sheffield cutlery so famous all over the world today. In 1874 he came to the United States and settled in the Loup Valley. (237) While here he worked on Fort Hartsuff. Two years later he moved to Kent county, Michigan, which remained his home till 1888. At that time he returned to the Loup Valley. Since 1888 he has lived for five years in Cotesfield and the remainder of the time on Davis Creek and near North Loup.

EAST, HENRY T.--was born in London, England, in 1826. Here he followed the occupation of his forefathers, that of a tanner, until 1847 when he came to the United States. He enlisted as a soldier in the Mexican War and was at the surrender of Mexico City. When discharged he went to Vincennes, Indiana, and engaged as a merchant. He married a Miss Presnell in 1853. In February, 1865, he enlisted in Co. K, 149th Indiana Regiment and continued as a soldier till September 27th of the same year. In 1867 he moved to Wisconsin where he stayed for six years. At the end of this time he came to Nebraska and settled in Valley county. He worked at the occupation of tanning for a long time. He died in June, 1902, leaving a wife and family behind to mourn his loss.

FOGHT, EMIL JOHN,--the father of the author of the Trail of the Loup, was born sixty-four years ago in historic old Fredrickshall, Norway, the son of a well-to-do merchant and ship owner. He was educated in the Latin school and nautical school of his native town and at an early date went to sea. While yet a stripling boy he was made first mate and soon after captain of the schooner Aurora, which sailed chiefly between the Baltic and French ports. In the seventies the Aurora was lost on the French coast and Captain Foght received command of the large bark Laura, so named after his wife, Laura Arneberg Foght. This vessel was owned chiefly by the Foght family and proved more or less of a hoodoo from the first. To several severe losses caused by storms at sea came the serious competition with swift steamships then just beginning to make inroads on the shipping of the sailships. After a long and hopeless fight against the new carriers he gave up and retired to terra firma. Then after some unfortunate mercantile ventures at Fredrickshall he came to the United States in 1879, making Yankton, Dakota Territory, his home for a few months. Here he took service as a government freighter, going first to Fort Robinson and later to the newly constructed Fort Niobrara. At the latter place, he was joined by his family in the summer of 1881, they having made their journey of 7000 miles from old Norway alone. For a few months the Foghts squatted on a claim near Rosebud Agency but were forced into the fort by the Spotted Tail-Crow Dog uprising. They now left overland for Ord, where they arrived early in September, 1881. From that time on the family has been associated with Valley county and its development. Of the seven children living the oldest daughter, Valborg, is married to Jorgen Miller, and the oldest son, Harold W., who has also penned this book, married Alice Mabel, youngest daughter of A. M. Robbins of Ord. (238)

FLYNN, MARILLA--The first white woman in Valley county was Marilla Frederick who came here with her father in July 1872. She was at that time a young lady of about 15 years of age. In 1877 she went to Omaha where she met a young soldier named Flynn who was stationed at Ft. Omaha. He was soon afterwards transferred to Ft. Laramie, Wyoming, where they were married the following year. In July, 1885, they returned to Valley county where they lived on various rented farms till Mr. Flynn's death, April 18, 1895. In 1900 Mrs. Flynn bought her present farm just cornering on her father's old homestead in Springdale.

FREY, CHRISTIAN--was one of the "original five" in the Danish colony above Ord. He was of course a native of Denmark and came to the United States in 1871, hoping here to better himself financially. We have already told how he reached Valley county and about his first exciting adventure here. He remained a bachelor on his claim for a number of years, when he returned to Denmark where he met and married an estimable Danish lady, who returned with him from a home of affluence to share his frontier life. Five children have been born to them of whom four--Mary, Kate, Ericka and James--are living. Mr. Frey remained on his old homestead through all the years of beginnings and hardships and has succeeded in laying by a goodly bit of property for a rainy day. A few months ago he disposed of his old homestead returning to old Denmark with the intention of spending the rest of his days there. But the call from over the ocean blue was too strong for him and he is again back in the Loup where he will no doubt be content to remain for the rest of his days.

GOODENOW, M. B.--"It is something to be able to say that for a whole season I was the outermost settler on the Loup. No man dwelt between my claim and the Black Hills." This boast could truly be given by Mellville B. Goodenow in the summer of '72. Then he was our outpost. But that has been told elsewhere. He was born in New York state in 1844 and was brought up by his grandparents as his mother died when he was born. In '61 when only 17, he enlisted and served through the Civil War. He was mustered out in the spring of '66 and then moved to Woodbury county, Iowa, remaining there till 1872 when he set out across country for the Loup. He married a Miss Coffin in 1869 and has four children--one son and three daughters.

GREEN, H. I.--was born in Walworth county, Wis., in 1859. When he was but four years old his parents moved to Minnesota. In the fall of 1877 he moved to the town of Calamus just south of Fort Hartsuff. During the next spring he moved to his present farm about two and one-half miles northwest of North Loup. Mr. Green has always been a farmer and a glance at his place will be enough to convince any one that he has been successful in this line. He held the office of county supervisor in 1901-1902 but has held no other public office. He was married in 1883 to Miss Emma Brace.

GREEN, JOSEPH A.--a native of the Green Mountain State, was ( 239) born in 1832. When but a child his parents moved to Berlin, New York, where he stayed till 1853. During the next few years he traveled through New Jersey, Illinois and Kansas, stopping at various places in these states but never making his home at any place for any length of years. In 1872 Mr. Green came to Valley county and settled one and one-half miles south of North Loup and has lived there ever since. He at one time owned forty acres of the original townsite of North Loup. Mr. Green is a farmer by occupation yet his ability as a mechanic came in handy in the early years when all sorts of machinery was scarce.

GREEN, W. B.--was one of those natives of New York state who has spent most of his years in this western country. He was born in Alleghany county, New York, March 25, 1849. When but five years old he moved to Milton, Wis. Here he spent his time as a farmer until 1873 when he came to Nebraska and took up a claim on the very place on which he now resides, about five miles from North Loup. Mr. Green worked on Fort Hartsuff during the summer of 1875. He was married in 1877. In 1878 he was with Albert Cottrell in that terrible October prairie fire in which Mr. Cottrell was burned to death. Even to this day Mr. Green bears scars that remind him of that awful disaster.

GREEN, W. L.--is a native of New York, who was born in Jefferson county in 1833. In 1855 he was married and started toward the west. Only one year was spent in Illinois while the next eight were spent in Wisconsin. in 1864 they moved to Minnesota which place remained their home until they came to Nebraska and settled in Valley county in 1877. Mr. Green has always been a farmer and has worked his farm which lies two and one-half miles north of North Loup until about eight years ago, when he moved to town where he has lived ever since.

HARRISON, W. H.--has, by his sterling qualities, shown himself worthy of carrying the name of a former president of, the United States. He was born in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1853. Here he lived for six years when he moved to Missouri where he lived till after the Civil War. At this time he moved to Kansas and finally in 1874 to Nebraska and settled on the place where he now lives, about nine miles southwest from

HASKELL, S. S.--Sylvester Smith Haskell, the father of early Ord, was born December 7, 1822, at Stockholm, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., where his early life was spent. His father was a millwright, and living in the pine region the son naturally enough became a sawyer, which trade he followed many years. (240) He came of sturdy stock, the Putnams of revolutionary times being among his lineal ancestors. December 5, 1843, he was married to Miss Harriet E. Soper and for a few years they lived in St. Lawrence county, but in 1849 he removed with his family to DeKalb county, III. and filed on a quarter section of land in that then wild country. He had a hard struggle bore to make ends meet as he came west a poor man. Two years of toil in the saw-mills at Two Rivers, Wis., enabled him to build a comfortable dwelling house on the Illinois claim, but this unfortunately was burned to the ground on the very day of its completion. The set-back was a severe one, but he accepted the situation bravely and clung to the farm in spite of misfortune and hardship, and called it home for twenty five years. During this time he reared his large family and saved a fair competency with which to build anew in the promising west of which he was continually getting news from his children who had preceded him there. In the fall of 1875 he sold out and moved to Ord. The next summer he erected the first store building on the townsite lately platted by his sons. Old-timers will all remember this general store and hostelry and later postoffice, where every wayfarer received a kindly welcome and shelter. When hard times came to the Valley--dwellers and starvation almost stared them in the face, Haskell fed them till he could no more. His capital exhausted, he was forced to close his doors and failed in business. But by the indomitable energy of self and wife he got on his feet again and could proudly boast of paying his creditors dollar for dollar what he owed. Mr. Haskell has been called the father of Ord. And not without reason, for not alone did he build and operate the first store here, not alone is a large section of the town built on his early farm, but he was a father to all in need. Nor was any early timer more public spirited than he! Charity and public enterprise depended on him for aid and co-operation. When he was laid to rest March 1, 1901, just 78 years, 2 months and 21 days old, the whole community mourned the loss of a father and friend. In Ord the business houses were closed and the deceased was accorded a public funeral such as had never before been known in the history of the Valley. His many children have all taken their part in making the history of the Loup. Of these the sons, O. S. Haskell, O. C. Haskell and W. W. Haskell, platted the original townsite of Ord; the daughters, Cynthia C. Robbins, Rose I. Williams and Mary E. Jones and the son, A. R. Haskell. were all old pioneers and have grown up with the Valley and seen it become what it is--a garden spot in our state.

HONNOLD, R. T.--Richard Truman Honnold was born in Coshocton, county, Ohio, September 12, 1851, and removed with his parents to Marion county, Iowa, late in 1862. In 1874 he was married to Miss Eceneth McMichael and immediately loaded his possessions into a covered wagon and started for Nebraska. He lingered at St. Paul and put in a few acres of wheat there, meanwhile looking about in search of a good place to homestead. He finally located in Mira Valley where he yet resides. Mr. Honnold is one of those pioneers who has gone through the hardships incident (241) to grasshoppers, fire, hall and drought, and still stands up for Nebraska. He had many exciting experiences with the Indians in those days; from the first, indeed, he has been closely identified with the history of his county.

NOTE:-Since the writing of the above biography Mr. Honnold moved to Ord where he was stricken with Bright's disease, death resulting Monday, April 23.

JOHNSON, BYRON H.--is another of those very early settlers of this Valley who has always been interested in its development and closely connected with its history. He, was born in Rhode Island in 1847 but lived there only one year. His parents moved to Wisconsin in 1848 and it was here he grew to maturity. In 1866 he went to Minnesota where he lived for five years. In 1871 he made a trip to Valley county, Nebraska, in order to see the country which was destined to be his future home. He returned to Minnesota to get things in shape and then moved to this valley in November, 1872, and settled on a claim about six miles north of North Loup. In 1878 he bought his present farm just one and one-half miles north of town. Mr. Johnson was a member of the first militia organized in this county. He helped to build Fort Hartsuff during the grasshopper years. He held the office of supervisor several terms but beyond this has taken but slight interest in active politics. He married a Miss Stewart in 1880.

KEOWN, W. B.--Bedford Keown's name is closely associated with the settlement of Valley county. He was born in Ohio county, Kentucky, in 1849, and came with his parents to Missouri when but a babe. The Keowns remained in that state till 1874 when they arrived in Valley county. Here Mr. Keown secured the quarter first filed on by one of the Post boys, which later on became the townsite of Elyria. He remained on this fine tract of land till he sold it to the B. & M. railroad company in 1887. Then he moved with his family to Ord and engaged in business. He has been prominent as a hardware man and has been engaged in the drug business and other enterprises. Several times has he been honored with places of trust and profit by his fellow citizens. The last of these was the county treasurership which he held for two terms. At the present Mr. and Mrs. Keown are beautifully situated on their fine farm two miles above Ord and across the river. They have three children living--Anna Williams, John, and Emma Mayo.

LUEDTKE, AUGUST--is a successful German farmer who, born in a foreign land, came to this country to better his condition. He was born in Pommerania, Germany, in February, 1841. Here he lived till 1866 when he came to the United States and settled in Wisconsin and afterward spent a few years in Kansas and Texas. In April, 1878, he came to Nebraska and worked between Omaha and Wood River. He came to Valley county (242) in the spring of the following year with Mr. Frank Ohms and a trapper named Murphy and settled on his present farm about five miles northwest from Arcadia.

KRUSER, MARTIN--Mr. Martin Kruser was born in Kolding, Denmark, in 1853. Here he lived and received his education, In 1872 he came to the United States and for three years made his home with the grandparents of Mr. M. Goodenow. In April, 1878, he came to Valley county, Nebraska. For eight years he then worked for Mr. Goodenow. In 1880 he homesteaded his present farm though it was some six years before be made his permanent home upon it. Mr. Kruser is a single man.

LEE, JAMES--Perhaps no one in the southwestern part of Valley county is better known than Mr. James Lee who was the first settler in the Park which now bears his name. He was born in Ontario, Canada, April 28, 1847, where he lived till 1874 when he came to Valley county, Nebraska, and took up his claim in that section of the Valley called Lee's Park. Mr. Lee has always been a farmer, though he worked for two years on Fort Hartsuff during the grasshopper years.

LUKE, JOHN--is a native of the state of Connecticut but while quite young moved to New York city. He lived there till he was seventeen years old, when he joined the army as a drummer boy. In April, 1875, he came to Fort Hartsuff with Co. A. 23d U. S. Infantry, commanded by Capt. John J. Coppinger. In October, 1876, after having served eight years in the United States army he was honorably discharged and at once settled down in Valley county to make it his home. He was married to a Miss Stewart, November 9, 1876. Mr. Luke has long been known as a lumberman. Until recently Mr. Luke has had charge of one of Ord's rural routes.

MATTLEY, MRS. E. J.--Although Mrs. E. J. Mattley was born in England yet most of her life has been spent in this country. When but four years old she came to Iowa and after staying there for five years moved to Missouri. While here she met Mr. Mattley whom she married in 1875. In 1877 they moved to Nebraska and settled on the farm on which she now resides. Mr. Mattley died in November, 1903, but as his wife was a business woman, the farm has been operated successfully nevertheless.

MOLLER, FALLE--who was one of the members of the Danish colony which settled above Ord during the spring and summer of 1872, is a native of Denmark, coming from a small village near Haderslev in Slesvig. He comes of good old Danish stock, well-to-do land-owners who have ever bitterly resented the encroachment on Danish soil by the German coalition. After the Dano-German War of '64, so disastrous to little Denmark, the Mollers concluded to leave their, homeland and seek a new home in America. Accordingly, in 1872, the family, comprising the parents and four children, Marie, Elizabeth, Jorgen and Laura, set out for the United States,  (243) and, as told in another chapter of this book, reached Valley county and settled on their old homestead on lower Turtle Creek. During the early years Falle Moller's substantial log house was an asylum for wayfarers in the Valley. The log cabin door always swung inward for needy immigrants. When Indians were threatening the Loup Mr. Moller was ever ready for the front. On several occasions in those days did settlers flock thither when rumors of Indian raids filled the air. The Danish colonists have practically all remained true to their early religious teachings in the Lutheran faith, and in the seventies no more beautiful picture could be imagined than to see these sturdy northerners, who had outstripped both their church and pastors, assemble on a Sunday for church services. On such occasions Falle Moller would usually conduct the Danish service of song and sermon reading in a manner worthy a well tutored preacher. Down through the years Mr. Moller and his son Jorgen have accumulated much worldly goods, comprising chiefly farm and ranch lands and cattle. Falle Moller may justly lay claim to being one of the most travelled men in our Valley, having crossed the Atlantic thirteen times within the last thirty-five years.

MURRAY, WILLIAM P.--was born in Dundee, Scotland, in 1839. Until he was 13 years old he changed his residence several times back and forth between his native land and Ireland. When he reached this age he came to the United States and settled in Westchester county, N. Y. Here he lived till 1861 when he moved to Oswego county. The next few years he spent as a rambler, visiting nearly every part of the country. In 1878 he came to Nebraska and settled on the place where he now resides, about six miles west from Arcadia. Before coming to Nebraska Mr. Murray was a stonemason and quarryman but since he has been a farmer.

NELSON, HENRY W. --located with his parents in Omaha in 1862, where he lived with them for twelve years. He learned to be pressman in the Omaha Bee office, and in 1874 he came to Valley county, Neb., and located a homestead and timber claim containing 320 acres, seven miles south of Ord on Section 10, Town 18, Range 15. He was born in Sweden, March 5, 1852, and came to America with his parents in 1862. He was married in Ord, August 3, 1879, to Miss Lura Abel, a native of Ohio. He was a member of the I. O. O. F. of Ord. He has been county surveyor of Valley county for five years; edited the Valley County Courier one and a half years, beginning in 1878. At the present Mr. Nelson is located at Billings, Montana.

OHMS, FRANK--bears the distinction of being the first settler in Custer county. He was born in Prussia, Germany, in February, 1844. Here he lived till he was twenty-five years old when he came to the United States and settled in Jefferson county, Wis. While in the old country his (244) work was varied. Three years were spent with a confectioner, another three years were spent in a large depot restaurant, while three more were spent in the army. He was engaged in the war between Germany and Austria in 1866. He fought in the battle of Sadowa. He received his discharge in 1868. The next year he came to this country. He stayed in Wisconsin only one year and then went to Douglas county, Nebraska. Here he farmed for four years when he came to his present home on the Valley county line.

PIERCE, DWIGHT--and family left their old Wisconsin home in the spring of 1878 and set out for the Loup Valley with a whole carload of household goods, implements, horses and cattle. "In Grand Island," says Mr. Pierce, "we stored our goods and set out to seek a home. The farther up the Valley we came the better we liked the country. At the Big Bend of the Loup lay Byron Johnson's homestead. This just suited me and I purchased the land." Mr. Pierce died Jan. 22, '06,  after a short illness.

POST, CHARLES W.--is the only member of the once numerous Post clan now dwelling in the North Loup Valley. The others like the frontiersmen that they were, moved westward and ever westward, till the Pacific now forbids a further migration. Charles was born December 8, 1847 on the frontier of Michigan. When he was five years old his parents began to drift westward by easy stages. Thus he saw life in Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas and Missouri. When the Civil War broke out the Posts found it expedient to leave the state and move back to Jasper, Iowa, their old home. He enlisted in '64 when only 16 years old and saw much service before the war was over. The Posts next spent some years in Harrison county, Iowa, and in the spring of '72 they set out for the North Loup, Valley, carrying with them horses, cattle and all other belongings. They came via the Beaver and Cedar and entered the Loup near Cotesfield. Charles filed upon the northeast quarter of section 26-20-15, the townsite of the present Elyria. Later he filed on a pre-emption and secured a school quarter on which he made his eventual home. In June, 1881, he married Marie, the eldest daughter of Falle Moller. He is the father of three children, Willie, Falle and Magdalene. Charles Post came to the Valley in time to participate in all early hardships and disappointments but has outridden them all and is now beginning to spend his older days in partial retirement.

POTTER, HARVEY--was born in LaSalle, Ill., on December 18, 1846. When but a small boy his folks moved to Minnesota. Within the next few (245) years his home was changed to Lexington, Kansas, Jasper county, Iowa, and finally in May, 1873, to Valley county, Nebraska, where he has resided ever since. Mr. Potter is one of the oldest settlers in Valley county and as such has been interested in the growth and development of the Loup Valley. He was married in July, 1882.

PRENTICE, WILLIAM A.--was born in Dakota, Wis., in July, 1851. Here he lived till June, 1873, when he came to Valley county and took up a claim in Mira Valley. He was married in 1872. In 1881 he came to North Loup and began to work as a carpenter. He took a course of study in law and was admitted to the bar in 1891. Mr. Prentice was a justice of the peace for several years but outside of this has had no political aspirations.

ROOD, CHARLES P.--now long passed to his reward, is one of the early North Loupers who deserves more than passing mention in a history of the Loup Valley. He should have much credit for the part he played in the settlement of North Loup by W. A. Prentice, the Wisconsin colony. He was a member of both committees and but for his determined stand and flattering reports of the land, the enterprise might have been altogether abandoned. He was born in Vermont, May 30, 1823, and after a brief sojourn in Canada moved with his people to Cataraugas county, N. Y., where he grew up and married Marianne Thorngate. The family moved to Milwaukee and later to Waushara county and became a part of the Seventh-Day colony there. The large family of nine children born to him have practically all taken active and leading part in the development of the Loup and most of them live in or near North Loup today. Mr. Rood lived for some time on Section 32, Town 18, Range 13; but homesteaded over in Mira Valley somewhat later. He was a public-spirited man, strong in his convictions of what was right. He was quite a lay preacher and really the head of the Good Templar movement in North Loup. He died March 17, 1878.

ROOD, CHARLES J.--is one of the older sons of Charles P. Rood, and was born in Waushara county, Wisconsin, July 4, 1851, where he boasts being the first white child born in his particular township. He grew to manhood in Wisconsin and was given what was then considered a pretty good education. He too was one of the second locating committee to come to the Loup. In 1872 he homesteaded just outside of North Loup. He. spent much time as a teacher in those days, and as such had the honor of being the first to teach school in the village of Ord. For some years he farmed on Davis Creek but moved to North Loup in 1895 to give his children the advantage of the better schools in that town. In 1875 he was married to Rosa P. Furrow. They are the parents of ten children.

ROOD, W. H.--beheld the beautiful Loup in 1871, when he came here as one of the second committee from Wisconsin. From the first he was satisfied, with the country and determined to make it his home. This he (246) did in the spring of 1872 when he came as one of the Seventh-Day Baptist Colony. Mr. Rood was born in Rock county, Wisconsin, in 1840. He enlisted in Co. G, 37th Wisconsin Infantry, in 1864 and served till August, 1865. Although he was in active service his regiment never took part in any serious engagements. At North Loup Mr. Rood farmed for a number of years. Later he engaged in mercantile pursuits and was for years proprietor of the North Loup hotel. At present he is a carpenter and builder. In 1880 he married a Miss Pierce. He was a member of the militia company organized for protection against the Indians in 1873 and has held every township office in his home township.

SCHONING, OTTO--Another of Germany's sons is Otto Schoning who was born in Plathe, Pommerania, Germany, September 23, 1841. His early life was spent on a farm. He served two and one-half years as a state regular, but soon after getting his discharge he was recalled because of the war with Austria in 1860. Six months later he was discharged. Upon hearing rumors of a threatened Franco-Prussian war he left for the United States, landing at Baltimore in September, 1868. Securing work in Wisconsin he remained there till 1872 when he came to Valley county and homesteaded his present farm, four and one-half miles from North Loup. May 7, 1878, he married Miss Amelia Brown. They have a beautiful farm.

SHELDON, JOHN--was the first of the North Loup colony to choose land in Valley county; this he did when he located his claim three miles southeast of North Loup, November 6, 1871. From that day to the present he has been a loyal trailer. Mr. Sheldon was born in Germany, August 31, 1848, and came to America when only five years old. He was one of the early Seventh-Day Baptist locating committee and together with the Roods and Mansell Davis made the long trip from Wisconsin and back in 1871. The next spring he moved onto his farm, remaining there seven years. After leaving the farm he lived for a few years in Scotia; then he moved to North Loup where he still resides. He has spent his time variously on the farm, as a proprietor of livery barns, in the mercantile business, and as a real estate dealer. He married Mary Brown of Wisconsin and is the father of four sons and daughters.

SMITH, A. J.--is another of those natives of New York state who came west to better their condition. In 1874 he came to Iowa where he was married the following year. In 1879 the Smith family moved to Nebraska and settled in Valley county. The first seven years of their Nebraska experience was spent on a farm near the place where Mr. and Mrs. Melville (247) Goodenow now live. In 1886 they moved to Ord, making the county seat their permanent home.

SNOW, CYRUS A.--was born in Alleghany county, New York, April 23, 1847. When he was only six years of age his parents came to Union Mills, Erie county, Pennsylvania, and ten years later they moved to a farm near Centreville, Michigan. In the fall of 1877 he came to Valley county and worked on the historic Mortensen place for two years. He then timber-claimed his present farm southwest of Ord. In July, 1879, he married Miss Ella M. Jackson.

STACY, SAMUEL AUSTIN--was born in Hocking county, Ohio, in 1851. His parents early set their faces westward and moved to Clark county, Iowa, where Samuel grew to manhood and received a common school education. July 1, 1874, he left Sloan, Iowa, on horseback and after twenty-six strenuous days arrived in Valley county, where his sister Mrs. A. T. Morris had preceded him. That summer was spent in visiting, hunting and in general enjoyment. He did not, however, make this his home till February 20, 1877, when he filed on a homestead in Mira Valley. After building a humble dugout on the claim he went to Aurora, Nebr., for his bride, Alice E. Likes. This was October 25, 1877. After getting a few essentials for housekeeping, the young couple had just $6.10 with which to start out in life. But Mr. Stacy was not cut out for a farmer. He moved to Ord and clerked for a time in Doc. Harter's new store. Then he worked for B. C. White and later became a member of the firm Stacy, Johnson & Co., general merchandise. He has at various times been engaged as a real estate dealer and in the meat market business. He has also held office as town treasurer of Ord township. When Co. B, 2nd Regiment N. N. G., was organized, Mr. Stacy was made Second Lieutenant. Later he was raised to the rank of First Lieutenant, Captain, and Adjutant of the 2nd Regiment, successively. June 1, 1898, he was made postmaster of Ord; he was reappointed by President Roosevelt, May 28, 1902.

THORNGATE, GEORGE--was born in Cataraugas county, New York, in 1834. When but twelve or thirteen years old he removed to Wisconsin in which state he afterward taught school. In May, 1861, he enlisted in Co. E, 5th Wisconsin Infantry. He engaged in the battles of Antietam and Williamsburg. In the latter battle he was wounded in the chin and sent home on sick leave. He was discharged in the spring of 1862. However, he reenlisted later in the 13th Wisconsin Light Artillery which was then stationed at Baton Rouge. He was mustered out in July, 1864. In the fall of the same year he was married to a Miss Crandall and the young couple took up their home in Missouri. The following year, 1878, they came to Valley county and settled at North Loup. Mr. Thorngate died in December, 1893, but his wife still survives him. (248)

TIMMERMAN, LEVI D.--is another of our early settlers who came originally from New York. He was born in Jasper county, that state, July 22, 1849. In 1878 he came to Valley county and being well pleased with the county bought the south eighty acres of his present farm. In August he returned to Now York and married Miss Mary Dennis. The following April they came to their new home on the Loup where they have since resided. It is interesting to know that for his first eighty acres of land. Mr. Timmerman paid but $140. 00. He now has one of the finest farms in this county.

TRUE, CHANDLER--was born in Clayton county, Iowa, December 1, 1854. Here he lived as a farmer until June 1878, when he moved to Nebraska and settled on his present farm about four miles west of Arcadia. He was married December 25, 1878, to a Miss Knight and they have eight children living. Mr. True is a successful farmer as a glance at his well-kept farm will show.

WEAVER, MARSHAL N.--came to Nebraska in September, 1873, in company with George McAnulty. He settled at the head of the "Big Island," where he trapped and hunted during the winters of '73 and '74. He then returned to his old home in Latiabe, Pennsylvania, where he lives a prosperous man. It is safe to say, however, that he never forgets the beautiful North Loup Valley, the scene of some stormy adventures of his youth.

WEBB, SAMUEL S.--was born in Floyd, New York, in August, 1825. Here he lived till 1857 when he moved to Illinois. Two years later he married a Miss Davis and in 1861 moved to Wisconsin. Three years later they moved to Minnesota which remained their home till 1877 at which time they came to Nebraska and settled in Valley county. Mr. Webb is essentially a farmer, though now retired from active work. At the ripe age of eighty he lives in comfort in his North Loup home, respected and highly honored by all his townsmen.

WELLMAN, M. A.--Among the early trailers of the Loup and a man identified with the business interests of North Loup for a number of years was M. A. Wellman. He was born at Windsor, Mass., May 28, 1842. When a child his parents moved to Waushara county, Wisconsin, where he grew to manhood. On May 18, 1866, he married Miss Mary Francisco. Five years later they moved to Greeley county. In 1886 they moved to North Loup and purchased their present home. From that time to his death on May 4, 1899, Mr. Wellman was engaged in the grocery business in North Loup.

WHEELER, JOHN S.--was born in Sullivan county, New York, in 1854. Here he lived for twenty-four years, being engaged during the latter part of this time in the printing business. In 1878 he came to Valley county and has lived here ever since. Until 1904 he farmed a place near Geranium but when this was sold he bought a farm near Elyria on which he now resides.

WIGENT, D.-was born in Berrien county, Michigan, August 17,1859. (249) Here be lived and attended school till 1877 when his parents came to Valley county and homesteaded on Turtle Creek. When Mr. Wigent came of age he took a homestead on the north branch of Turtle Creek. April 22, 1884, he married Miss Agnes Pecas. Three years later they sold out and bought near the present Hillsdale schoolhouse. In 1891 they moved to Barton county, Missouri. Here they lived for ten years when returning to Valley county they purchased the farm in Springdale where they now reside.

WIYGENT, W. H.--One of the early settlers of Springdale was W. H. Wiygent who came to Valley county in 1875. Mr. Wigent was born near Syracuse, New York, July 25, 1843. When he was but a small child his parents moved to Michigan where he grew to manhood. In November, 1862. Mr. Wiygent enlisted in the Union Army and served till August, 1865. On December 23, 1866, he married Miss Myra Drake of Van Buren county, Michigan. He helped build the first bridge across the Loup river at Ord. Early in 1876 he homesteaded his place in Springdale, where he has since made his home.

WRIGHT, CHAUNCEY--was born on a New York farm in 1813. Here he lived till 1874 when he came to Nebraska and took up a claim about three miles south of Ord. Mr. Wright was married to a Miss Standish in 1837 and to them five children were born. One of them, a daughter, married a Mr. Chaffee in 1860 and settled in Wisconsin. Mr. Chaffee enlisted in the fall of 1864 and served for one year. After being discharged from the army he returned to Wisconsin where he died in 1877. Mrs. Chaffee now came to Nebraska to live with her parents who soon afterwards moved to North Loup, where
she has lived ever since.

Garfield County

ABBOTT, WILLIAM--has followed the "star of empire" in its course toward the west. He was born in Alberg, Vt., in 1844. When but a baby his parents moved to Clinton county, New York, and it was from here that Mr. Abbott moved to New Jersey in 1866 and began to work his way westward. After a short stay in New Jersey he moved to Pawpaw, Ill. In 1869 he came to Iowa and after living there for nine years moved to this valley and settled near Burwell. He farms a piece of land in Jones' Canyon.

BARR, JAMES--comes of good Scotch parentage, having been born at Glasgow, in April, 1845. The Barrs left old Scotland in 1850 and immediately came to Chicago. His father was a stone-mason and contractor as well as bridge builder. The elder Barr thus had charge of constructing all the masonry on the old Galena and Chicago Union Railroad and put in the (250) masonry on one of the first bridges to span the Mississippi. After attending school at Belvidere, Illinois, "Jim" entered the army at the early age of sixteen. He became a member of the famous Scotch regiment under Colonel Stewart, which marched more miles, fought in more battles and suffered greater losses than almost any other regiment east or west. Mr. Barr's army history reads like a romance and would fill books to narrate. How he surrendered to "Stonewall" Jackson at Harper's Ferry, scouted in eastern Kentucky or saved the life of the rebel colonel, or how he severely wounded was brought in contact with the young woman--Esther Ann Tilden--whom he later married, cannot unfortunately be told in this brief sketch. In the early seventies O. S. Haskell arrived with his family in Valley county. Mrs. Haskell being a first cousin of Mrs. Barr had perhaps something to do with inducing the latter and husband to come west. At any rate the Barrs arrived in the Valley in 1874. For a year or so Mr. Barr worked for the government at Fort Hartsuff. Now and later he was one of the chief government freighters, between Fort Hartsuff and Fort Niobrara. In 1875 he filed on a pre-emption three miles southeast from Burwell, first held by George McAnulty of Scotia. This together with some additional land comprises the comfortable Barr farm of today. The author has had the privilege to read some of the numerous letters which have passed between Mr. Barr and men high in army and governmental affairs, and from it he feels free to state that had Mr. Barr been so inclined he might today have been in high office. But he was content to be a plain Scotchman. He has always taken active part in politics and could have held important offices had he wished. Thus he refused the nomination of representative from his district. As commissioner of Wheeler county just before its division, he drafted the petition for the organization of Garfield county and suggested the name which it came to bear.

BARKER, F. A.--was born in Alleghany county, N. Y., in April, 1848. When but a boy of five years of age he moved with his parents to Wisconsin. Here he received his early education and grew to manhood. In July, 1873, he came to Nebraska and homesteaded in Valley county. In 1891 he moved to Louisiana where he lived till 1897. He then returned to Nebraska and settled in Burwell. At present Mr. Barker is engaged in the bakery business.

DEAFENBAUGH, J. A.--first saw the light of day in Tuscaroras county, Ohio, on July 4, 1846. Evidently he was pleased with the celebration for here be spent the first 29 years of his life. However, in 1875 he decided to cast his lot in Illinois, only to move again April, 1878, to Garfield county, Nebraska. Here he took a homestead in the Loup Valley about three miles from where Burwell now is. In the winter of the following year he took unto himself a wife in the person of Miss Rose M. Schreier (251) of Illinois. In 1903 they sold their old homestead and moved to their present farm. Mr. Deafenbaugh is an energetic, farmer and has a beautiful place.

DRAVER, WILLIAM--comes from a country from which we receive many of our most reliable citizens. He was born April 13, 1840, on the Isle of Westray off the coast of Scotland. Here he received his education and remained till the age of twenty-eight. In 1861 he was married to Miss Ann Randal. His parents coming to the United States, he came with them and they all located in West county, Iowa, remaining there five years. Mr. Draver is one of the earliest settlers of Garfield county, coming here in 1873. He still lives on the old homestead. When one learns that he and his children now own about twenty-six hundred acres of land, they are tempted to forget the early privations endured by Mr. Draver's family poverty, drought, and sickness--all met with true Scotch fortitude which must characterize one who overcomes.

FREELAND, TRUMAN--was born in Rock Island county, Illinois, on February 22, 1852. His parents were among the pioneers of northern Illinois. Mr. Freeland assisted in the construction of the first bridge thrown over the waters of the Platte in the state of Nebraska. He acted as lead chainman in the original survey of what is now Custer and Loup counties. He built the first actual settler's residence (a dugout) constructed in the valley of the North Loup river above Haskell Creek and his nearest neighbor on the river valley was then twenty miles away. He was the second settler of what is now Garfield county. (Mr. C. H. Jones having preceded him a few days.) He carried the first United States mail brought into what is now Garfield county. He cut and hewed the logs for the first school house built in the county, and on his pre-emption was broken the first sod turned in Garfield county. He built the first frame residence in the county constructed of lumber shipped from the East, and hauled the lumber from Grand Island, a distance of nearly eighty miles. Mr. Freeland is an author of  no mean ability, his writings having appeared in some of the leading publications of Nebraska and other states. He is also the author of a volume of poems soon to appear in print. He is decidedly a man of peace and never took any prominent part in the various conflicts with Indians in the early settlement of his neighborhood nor did he ever lose anything by them, except once when they stole his coat while he was felling a tree a few rods away. Mr. Freeland was married in 1874 to Miss Jane Russell of Rock Island county, Illinois. Mrs. Freeland taught the first school held in what is now Garfield and Wheeler counties. Mr. and Mrs. Freeland are the oldest residents now residing within the boundaries of Garfield county and have witnessed all the changing conditions from the days when the buffalo, elk, deer and antelope roamed over the prairies and woodlands to the time (252) when all these have passed away and given place to modern civilization.

GROSS, ALEXANDER--is a native of Poland in which state he was born in 1855. He lived here 18 years and then sailed to New York. He went from one place to another for the first three years after coming to this country. In 1875 he arrived in Hall county and the next year moved up the valley to Valley county. He lived here till 1901 when he bought a farm in Garfield county only a short distance from Burwell. Mr. Gross is a successful farmer.

HEMMETT, TOM--was born in Niagara county, New York, March 9, 1850. While yet a lad of five years he removed with his parents to Pelican county, Michigan, (webmaster note, they may have meant WI, as there is no such county in Michigan) where he grew to manhood. In the early '70's a number of neighbors had moved out west and several had reached the Loup. The western fever seized young Hemmett and we soon find him making his way thither too. Early in 1875 he arrived on the North Loup and filed a pre-emption in the timber on Jones' Canyon, just above the claim of his old Michigan neighbor, C. H. Jones. He later took a homestead in the valley, a place which has developed into one of the most productive and beautiful farms in this part of the state. Mr. Hemmett early became identified with Loup history. He played his part in the early Indian skirmishes and took quite a part in the county seat drama. He has for years been actively engaged in politics. When Wheeler county was divided in 1884 he was clerk of the county, but as his interests were in the new Garfield county he resigned his office. In 1904 he was elected clerk of Garfield county, serving three, consecutive terms. After a brief interregnum he was again elected to the office, this time as a Populist. Mr. Hemmett has lived through more actual history than most men in his county.

JOHNS, W. C.--one of the citizens to whom we point with pride is a native of Green county, Wisconsin, born there forty-two years ago. In 1878, he came with his parents to what is now Garfield county. His early manhood was uneventful, being spent chiefly in receiving a good education in the public schools of Wisconsin and Nebraska. In 1892 Mr. Johns was married to Miss Anna Beauchamp of Fort Hartsuff, Nebraska. He was for some time a teacher and also a farmer and rancher. He is half owner of the grocery of Johns & Mitchell. The people have shown their appreciation of him by electing him to be sheriff of Wheeler county before the organization of Garfield county, as county superintendent and county treasurer. He is now serving his second term in that capacity. He is a Republican.

MESSENGER, H. A.--was born in Wisconsin in 1853. He lived here until May, 1874, when he started toward Nebraska with ox teams. He arrived in Garfield county about two months later and took up his home just north of Burwell at the place where he yet resides. He is a farmer by (253) occupation and has spent his whole life in following this kind of work. He is one of Garfield county's oldest settlers and has been closely connected with its history throughout all its stages of growth. He was a member of the old militia of which R. P. Alger was captain.

ROBKE, FREDERICK--has surely had a varied experience. He was born in Germany in 1834 where he lived until twenty-four years old. As a young man he spent four years of his life as a
soldier, taking active part in the early war between Prussia and Bavaria. His occupation while in the old country was that of a wagon maker, which work he followed for a number of years after he had come to the United States. In 1868 he arrived in the land of his adoption and located his home in Chicago. In 1870 he made a trip to Colorado but returned to Chicago six months later. In 1873 he moved to Nebraska and settled on his present home about three and one-half miles from Burwell. Since coming to this Valley he has been a farmer.

SMITH, MRS. M.--is another of those sturdy people who though born in a foreign land came to this country and made themselves a home. She was born in Scotland and came to Iowa in 1858. Here she lived till 1873 when she moved to Nebraska and settled in Garfield county. In 1871 she married a farmer by the name of Smith. In 1884 they moved into Burwell and have run a boarding house ever since. Mr. Smith died in 1891 but his wife has shown her ability as a business woman by continuing the business in a very successful way.

WEBSTER, FRANK A.--Among the early "Trailers of the Loup" who have since moved to other communities none is more worthy of mention than Frank A. Webster. Mr. Webster was born in Crawford, Pennsylvania, in April, 1852. When but three years old he moved with his parents to Adams county, Wis. Here he grew to manhood and learned the printer's trade. In April, 1873, he came to Omaha and accepted a position with the Omaha Bee. Here he remained only till the following fall when he came to the Loup Valley. Later western Burwell was platted on a part of his old homestead. For several years Mr. Webster was engaged in newspaper work in central Nebraska; among these papers was the Howard County Advocate. In 1878 he married Miss Ella M. Bowen. The Websters moved to Rathdrum, Idaho, several years ago where they still make their home.

WOODS, WILLIAM--has come a long way to find this garden spot on the Loup River. He was born in Surrey county, England, November 28, 1833. However, being attracted by the greater possibilities in a new country he came to Canada on May 6, 1857, and located about fourteen miles west of Toronto. Mr. Woods then moved to the United States in 1856. He has since lived in several different states, New York, Wisconsin, Iowa and Nebraska among others. In 1865 he enlisted in the Union Army and served till the end of the war. Mr. Woods came to Garfield county in 1874 where (254) with the exception of a couple of years he has since resided. In 1878 he homesteaded the farm on which he now lives.

Greeley County

BEEBE, Dr. J. B.--One of the most prominent figures on the Loup river from '71 to '77 was "Doc" Beebe. He came to the North Loup Valley in 1871 and for years "Beebe's Ranch" was one of the best known places in the Valley. His wife and charming daughter Susie were notable pioneer women. In 1890 Mr. Beebe went to Oregon where he died a few years later.

BILYEU, J. W.--was born September 20, 1841, in Clinton county, Ill. When twelve years of age his parents moved to Bond county, Iowa, where Mr. Bilyeu grew to manhood. On August 12, 1862., he enlisted as a private in the 130th Illinois Infantry. He was present at the siege of Vicksburg. Upon his discharge in August, 1865, he returned to Bond county. On March 22, 1866, he married Miss E. C. File of Bond county. In the fall of 1877 he came to the Loup country and homesteaded near Scotia. In 1904 he purchased property in Scotia where he has since lived.

FARELL, GEORGE--was born in Columbus, Indian(a?), January 10, 1857. In 1870 his parents moved to Caldwell county, Missouri, only to remove to Howard county, Nebraska, the following year, having filed on their homestead the previous year. Though only a boy he and a friend went up near Kent and squatted on some land there. However, being forced off his land in 1874 he returned home and in 1877 homesteaded his present farm. The same year he married Miss Emma Bixby. In the fall of 1882 they moved to Scotia only to return to the farm four years later.

DAVIS, MANSELL--One of the very first settlers in Greeley county was Mansell Davis. He was born in Jamestown, New York, in 1848 and resided there till 1867, when he moved to Dakota, Wisconsin. While in New York he was engaged in mercantile pursuits. His western life has, however, been that of farmer. When in 1871 the Dakota Seventh-Day Baptists commenced casting about for new homes Mr. Davis became a member of the second or voluntary committee to explore the west. Thus he came to the Loup and became one of the first six to file on claims in Greeley County. In those early days Mr. Davis took quite an active part in politics. Thus he was the first surveyor of Greeley county, and later served in the capacity of county superintendent and county supervisor. At the present time he lives on his fine farm three miles southeast of North Loup.

FISH, ALCIE P.--The man who has the distinction of being the first settler in Greeley county was Mr. Alcie P. Fish. He was born February 18, 1822, near Brockport, New York. When he was 12 years old his father died and he was compelled to shift for himself. In March, 1843, he married Esther E. Williams near the Niagara Falls. In 1848 they moved to Loraine county, Ohio, where their son Elihu B. Fish was born. Elihu is (255) the only survivor of four children. In 1850 Mr. A. P. Fish came to Fon du Lac county, Wis. In 1861 he enlisted in the First Wisconsin Cavalry where he served till his discharge in November, 1864. In October, 1871, he came to Greeley and pre-empted. His son followed the next spring and homesteaded one mile north of his present residence. Mr. Alcie P. Fish was one of the first county commissioners. Indeed, the first election was held in his house. His son was first county clerk of Greeley county. In the fall of 1879 the younger Fish married Miss Julia McMillan. The father moved to Scotia in 1887 and died three years later.

GARDNER, ANDREW--was born in Buffalo, N. Y., in 1849. When but a child he moved to Green Bay, Wis., where he lived till 1861. At this time he changed his residence to Fond du Lac, Wis., where he lived until he came to Nebraska in 1878. Mr. Gardner has always been a farmer, although in early days he used to spend the winter trapping. He worked on his farm about eight miles southeast of Scotia until 1904 when he retired from active labor and moved to town.

GILLESPIE, A. J.--Andrew J. Gillespie, Sr., the grand old patriarch of the Loup, filled his hundredth year June 4, 1905. He is still remarkably hale and hearty for a man of his years. This wonderful good health he ascribes to the thirty four years he has lived in Nebraska," where people stay young longer than anywhere else on earth." Mr. Gillespie's name has long been associated with the North Loup Valley to which he came early in 1871. He first settled near Elba where he operated quite a ranch. His herd of cattle was the first to fatten on the grasses of the Loup. He also took the first contract to carry the United States mail up the North Loup valley, the route being fully seventy miles long. Often he drove the stage in person but never did his passengers dream that the man who guided his team with such skill over the difficult route had long filled his three score and ten. Mr. Gillespie was born in Kentucky, June 4, 1805, near the place where Abraham Lincoln first saw light four years later. Like Lincoln he spent his early manhood in Illinois, where he married Temperance Lee Bankston, daughter of Colonel Bankston, a lifelong friend and comrade of Lincoln. Thirteen children were born to them, of whom twelve reached middle age. In 1886 the family moved to Iowa where they remained for many years. In 1871, at an age when most men are preparing to spend their declining years in peace, he sold his home near Dubuque and came to Nebraska. He became a great hunter and soon attracted the attention of leading plainsmen, who have ever held him in the highest esteem. At the age of seventy five he is known to have killed deer at a distance of more than three hundred yards. The centenarian is tall and supple, showing a in his carriage but slight indications of the burden of a hundred years of active life. His long line of descendants inherit his fine physique and remarkable stamina. Thus his seventh son, Joe, won the trying horse race of many hundred miles from Chadron, Nebr., to Chicago, when already past middle life. He has a remarkable lot of descendants living--numbering in all 172 souls. Of these nine are his own children, seventy-seven are (256) grand-children, eighty great grand-children, and six great great grandchildren. At a grand public celebration hold at Scotia, in honor of his hundredth birthday, in the neighborhood of a hundred decendants assembled to do the old man honor, and eight hundred guests were lunched and drank to his health and many happy years yet to come.

GRIFFITH, COL. B. F.--was born in, Monroe county, New York, in 1845. When but five years old his parents moved to Pennsylvania which became his home. In August, 1861, he enlisted in Co. H. 105th Pennsylvania Infantry and as a member of that regiment he fought through four long years. He certainly did his part in this great rebellion, having fought in many of the greatest battles of the war, Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredricks burg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness and Gettysburg. In the last named of these battles he was severely wounded in no less than three places and afterwards spent sixteen months in the hospital. After having been discharged he returned to Pennsylvania where he lived till 1878 when he moved to this valley. Mr. Griffith is a lawyer, having been admitted to the bar in 1882. He has twice been elected county attorney of Greeley county. His home is in Scotia.

HILLMAN, REV. GEORGE--came to the North Loup Valley in April 1872, and settled in Greeley county. On May 10, 1872, he preached a sermon in the house of John Vanskike. Captain Munson sent an armed escort to guard the congregation from Indians. The first Methodist church ever organized in the Loup Valley was organized at the Hillman home, also the first Sabbath school. The first general election was held in his home on October 8, 1872 at which time he was elected county judge, being of course the first judge of Greeley county. Rev. Hillman was born in Banwell, Somersetshire, England, September 17, 1829; came to America in 1848; lived in Iowa until 1872 when he came to Nebraska. He was married to Miss Hannah Jenkins in 1853. Rev., Hillman and his good wife are now living near Scotia. They are in good health and still enjoy living. Mr. Hillman still preaches occasionally. The old settlers hold them in love and esteem, remembering the long years of right living this good couple have spent here in the North Loup Valley.

KELLOGG, JOHN G.--the minnesinger of the Loup, was born in Lake county, Illinois, January 15, 1846, where he grew to manhood and got all the schooling he ever had. Here he farmed and composed rhymes. When twenty-three years old he set his face westward and came to Platte county, Nebraska. Here he lingered till August, 1871, when in company with Shepard, Scott and Stewart, pioneers spoken of elswhere, he set out for the North Loup Valley. On the 7th day of September he selected his claim in Greeley county, lying above present-day Scotia. Mr. Kellogg was one of the organizers of Greeley county and became its first county (257) superintendent. On January 30, 1879, he married Belle Scott, one of the earliest women to come into the Loup, who is more than usually conversant with all topics pertaining to early frontier life. They have five children living.

Old Settlers' Meeting in Stewart's Grove, Aug. 17, 1905.


A Cattle Round-Up in the Early Days

McANULTY, GEORGE W.--was born at Latrobe, Pennsylvania, in 1853. He lost both of his parents at an early age, his father losing his life in his country's defense during the Civil War, and his mother dying within the same year. At the age of eighteen he went to Texas and for the first time saw the great West. After some time spent in the Lone Star state he went to Illinois and thence back to Pennsylvania. But he had gotten his taste for the plains. Accordingly he came back and arrived in Nebraska and the North Loup Valley in 1878. He settled on the James Barr farm near Burwell. When Fort Hartsuff was established helped to build some of the structures there. Later he enlisted in Captain Munson's company--Co. C, 9th U. S. Infantry--which was ordered into active service a few days after his enlistment. The company joined the rest of the 9th Regiment at Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory. The Great Sioux War was on and the boys were on the frontier. Mr. McAnulty was with General Crook in the terrible campaign of 1876, and returned with his company to Fort Hartsuff two years later and was there discharged. He married Miss Lillie Moore in March, 1880, and settled near Ord. In 1882 he moved to Scotia where he has since resided. He has three children, two sons, Fred and John and one daughter, Louise. Mr. McAnulty is a believer in the North Loup Valley. Never, even during the darkest years, has his faith in it faltered.

MOORE, DAVID--one of the early settlers of Greeley county was born in Ohio in 1827. He came of good Quaker stock. His early life was spent in Indiana and Illinois. As a boy he knew Lincoln and often heard him address a jury in the old court house at Delavan. Ill. Later his parents settled in eastern Iowa, near Wyoming. Here he met and married Louise Standish in 1848. He served throughout the Civil War in Co. K, 24th Iowa Volunteer Infantry. He was with his regiment in some of the hardest fought battles of the war. He came to Nebraska June, 1873, and settled in Greeley county taking as a homestead the northeast quarter of section 10-17-12, one mile east of Scotia where he resided for twenty years. In 1893 he moved to Scotia. He was most public spirited and untiring in his efforts to build up this part of the state. He was admitted to the bar in 1881 and practiced law for some years. In early days his home was noted for its generous hospitality and for many years David Moore was known as the friend of the settler. He died November 25, 1904, at his home in Scotia. His wife and three children survived him. His oldest son Horace Moore died June 23, 1905. Those still living are Dr. Mila S. Moore of Taylor, Nebr., and Mrs. George McAnulty of Scotia.

NURTON., E. A.--of Scotia is a much travelled man. He was born in Dubuque county, Iowa, February 19, 1856, and here he spent the first twenty-one years of his life. In September 1, 1877, he and his father bought one and one-half sections of railroad land five miles from Scotia. In (258) the fall he returned to Iowa and the next year worked his father's farm. However, in the fall of 1878 he returned to his land in Nebraska. In 1879 he again went back to Iowa and worked for nine months for his uncle. Then again he returned to Greeley county. On February 6, 1883, he married Miss Emma L. Woodward of Dubuque, Iowa. In 1886 he moved to Ord only to leave in 1888. The next year however he sold his farm property and moved to Scotia where he lives at present.

PRIDEMORE, JEREMIAH--was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, April 24, 1883. When but a child his parents moved to Clay county, Illinois, where he grew to manhood. In March, 1859, he married Miss Sarah File of Bond county, Iowa. In 1861 he enlisted as a private in the 48th Illinois Infantry. He saw much active service and engaged in the battles of Ft. Donalson, Shiloh. Vicksburg, Chattanooga and Atlanta. After his discharge in September, 1864, he returned to Bond county, Iowa, where he lived till he came to Greeley county in 1877. He still lives on his old homestead.

SAUTER, GEORGE C.--was born at Wittenberg, Germany, and came to America when but three years old. His parents spent some time at Detroit and Chicago, but later removed to Indiana where the boy grew to manhood. He came to Fish Creek in Greeley county in 1877 and homesteaded there. He married Anna Brandt of Indiana. Of his children none are living. The Sauters remained on the farm till 1898 when they moved to Scotia where they are now nicely located.

SCOTT, WILLIAM--Two of the first among early settlers in Greeley county were William Scott and his son, L. E. Scott. William Scott was born in Fairfield county, Conn., July 22, 1823. As he grew to manhood he learned the carpenter trade. He was married September 6, 1849. His eldest and at present only living son, L. C. Scott, was born in October of the next year. In 1855 the Scotts came to Freeport, Iowa, only to return ten years later to Connecticut. In 1866 they moved to Rosendale, Fon du Lac county, Wisconsin. In the spring of 1872 L. E. Scott moved on to Greeley county and was followed by his father in the fall of the same year.

STEWART ALZA M. --The first settler in Valley county was Alza M. Stewart who came to this county in August, 1871. Mr. Stewart was born in Binghampton, New York, May 27, 1843. When a small child his parents moved to Waukegan, Ill., where he lived till 1869. During this time he served for three years in the army. In April, 1869, he came to Platte county, Nebraska, where he lived till he came to Valley county. In January, 1872, he took out papers homesteading the first farm in Valley county. In 1874 he moved to his timber claim adjoining his homestead but being in Greeley county. On July 4,1874, he married Miss Mamie Burdick.

WALLACE, VIOLA-The first white woman in Greeley county was (259) Mrs. Viola Wallace, wife of James L. Wallace, She arrived with her husband in December, 1871. They settled on the creek which today bears their name, "Wallace Creek." A brother of Mrs. Wallace, George Wallace, came with them, taking an adjoining claim. Mrs. Wallace was a lady of education and refinement, born and educated in the southern city of Norfolk, Virginia. Mrs. Wallace was a brave little woman and bore the great change from the luxurious home in the city to a settler's cabin on the extreme frontier with wonderful fortitude. Mrs. Wallace (now Mrs. Thomas Grandberry) lives at Long Pine, Nebr.

SHEPARD, ALONZO--is one of the first four settlers of the North Loup Valley. He was born in Canton, Mass., in 1836. When but six years old his parents moved to Illinois where he lived till 1867. At this time he decided to come to Nebraska and after spending six months in Omaha finally took up a pre-emption claim in Platte county. In the fall of 1871 he came to this valley and took a homestead in Greeley county whither he moved with his family in April, 1872. Mr. Shepard was married in 1866 and to the couple but one child was born. Mr. Shepard was a member of the first militia but was never engaged in any fights against the Indians.

VANSKIKE SETTLEMENT--No history of the North Loup Valley would be complete without mention of the Vanskike settlement. Three brothers, John, James and Jefferson, with their brother-in-law, Joe Conway, came to the valley in the spring of 1872. They settled in Howard county, just below the Greeley county line. They were all typical pioneers. They cheerfully bore their part in the early years and made many friends. Their homes were noted for hospitality.

WEEKES, WILLIAM BYRON--grain and live-stock dealer, Scotia, Greeley County, was born in Illinois near the city of Cairo, November 5, 1859. He is of English ancestry, and his father, Thomas Weekes, was a soldier in both the Mexican and the Civil Wars, was mortally wounded at Hartsville, Tennessee, December 1, 1862, and was taken prisoner by the Confederates, and soon after died in Libby prison. The mother of Mr. Weekes was in maidenhood Elizabeth Lindridge. After the death of her husband she cared for her children the best she could, and gave them the advantage of a common school education. Before he was sixteen years old, with an elder brother, Charles Weekes, William came to Nebraska and settled upon a, homestead in Greeley county. This was in the fall of 1875, and since then Greeley county has been his permanent home. He was successful as a farmer and a stock grower, and for some years has been as successful as a dealer in stock and grain. In the quarter of a century that he has resided in Greeley county, he has seen the country about him converted into rich farms, and railroads and towns built up. He has carved his own fortune by industriously working, and is in independent circumstances. In (260) the matter of politics he has always been a Republican. From 1886 to 1890 he served as treasurer of Greeley county, and in 1891 was one of the Board of County Supervisors. He is a Mason of the Royal Arch degree and is also a member of the Woodmen and the Tribe of Ben Hur. He is a member of' the Methodist Episcopal church. He was married June 12, 1881, to Nora A. Whitehead, and has six children--Charles W., now a physician in Scotia, Edwin and Edgar, twins, Chester, Cecil and Edith Weekes.

Loup County

BROMWICH, URIAH--Mr. Uriah Bromwich was born in Chicago, Ill., in 1853. Upon the death of his father six months later, his mother went to Canada, soon however to return to Chicago. She next spent several years in southern Wisconsin, landing in Minnesota in 1858. Here Mr. Bromwich grew to manhood. He married Miss Elnora Fay in 1876. In October of 1878 he came to Loup county and pre-empted. He then homesteaded just across the line in Custer county in 1880. From Mr. Bromwich's home one has a fine view of the Loup Valley for miles.

CLARK, WILLIAM A.--is a native of Pennsylvania, where he was born in May, 1854. He spent the first twenty-five years of his life in Juniata and LaSalle counties of that state, though he has lived the rest of his life in Nebraska. In 1879 he took up a claim in Loup county about five miles west of Taylor where he still lives. In 1898 he went to Burwell and spent two years in the implement business there, but he sold out at the end of that time and returned to his Loup county home. He was elected to the office of county treasurer of Loup county in the fall of 1903.

COPP, CALVIN L.--was born in Tiogo county, Pennsylvania, in 1848. He left the old Quaker state when eight years old, and saw life in Missouri and Iowa before he came to Nebraska in 1869. He married Elizabeth Rob of York county and came to Loup county in 1879. He has spent twenty-five years near Almeria and Moulton farming and is now cozily homed in Taylor. Mr. Copp has yet large landed interests in the county. He has been a lifelong Republican, though he has never been actively engaged in politics. Mr. Copp never grows weary telling of the strenuous days when he had to haul whole loads of cedar posts to Grand Island to exchange for a sack of flour and a plug of tobacco.

CROUGHELL, THOMAS--was born in Hartford county, Connecticut, in December, 1854. Here he lived until 1878 when he moved to Nebraska and settled in Loup county, about two miles west from Taylor. While in Connecticut he worked in a cotton factory where all kinds of cotton fabrics were made. But since coming to Nebraska he has successfully devoted his time to farming and stockraising.

FAY, STEPHEN--is one of the many men who believe in the future of the Loup county sand-hills. He was born in Wisconsin, near Fon du Lac, in 1863, though raised in Vivian county, Minnesota. He farmed in (261) Freeborn county, Minnesota, many years. In 1879 he came to Loup County and settled two miles south of Taylor. He was a young man then and to make a way for himself had to become a "cowpuncher" on the Snake River range. He married Rosetta Caldwell in 1884 and has four children. At present he owns 400 acres of pasture and hay lands north of Taylor where he keeps his herd of cattle.

GARD, DAVID A.--was born in Morris county, N. J., and at the age of 18 years was employed in a store at Dover. At the breaking out of the war he was the first in the city to enlist. He was a member of Company B, Second Regiment, N. J. Vol. Infantry, and was attached to Gen. Phil. Kearney's famous Jersey Brigade, and participated in all its battles from first Bull Run to the fall of Petersburg. He received five wounds, and was left on the field at South Mountain, being badly wounded while charging a battery. He was captured May 6, 1864, in the Wilderness and, with six of his comrades, made his escape, the following day. He was married in 1866 and removed to Iowa, where he worked at the carpenter's trade for seven years. In 1876 he moved to Grand Island, Neb., and one year later, to a homestead in the unorganized territory now known as Loup county, then 100 miles from the nearest railroad. He was mainly instrumental in organizing the county and was its first clerk. He was one of the most successful homestead farmers of that region. On account of poor health, caused by injuries received in the army, he abandoned farming, and in 1889 removed to Ord, and for four years conducted the Transit House. In 1804 he was elected mayor of Ord on the anti-license ticket. For some years Mr. Gard has been one of the chief promoters of the American Order of Protection, a very flourishing fraternal insurance order. At the present he resides in Lincoln.

HENRY, G. S.--first saw the light of day in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, on the 17th day of April, 1873. He came with his parents to Adair county, Iowa, at the age of four and lived there until his removal to Loup county, Nebraska, in February, 1884. Mr. Henry's education has been received in the schools at Cromwell and Fontanelle, Iowa, and of Loup county, Nebraska. His marriage to Miss Myrtle B. Messersmith occurred May 26, 1904. He is serving his first term as county clerk of Loup county, being elected to that office by his chosen party, the Republican.

HOOPER, HENRY--is surely a man of varied experiences. He was born in Ohio in 1843. Here he lived until 1867 when he moved to Illinois. He stayed here for about four years as a farmer when he moved to Nebraska, where he spent the next few years of his life as a hunter and trapper. He finally found his way to Loup county where he took to farming. Mr. Hooper saw considerable service in the U. S. army during the Civil War. He enlisted in July, 1862, in Co. F, 90th Ohio Volunteers. He served for three years, being mustered out in July, 1865. He engaged in the battles of Prairieville, Stone River, Chickamauga, and was severely wounded in the battle of Kennesaw Mountain.

ROBLYER, JACOB--was born in Pennsylvania in 1846. He went to (262) Iowa in 1867 whence he moved to eastern Nebraska three years later. In 1879 he moved up the Loup Valley to his present home two miles southeast from Almeria. He was married in 1872 and has lived the life of a farmer ever since. Mr. Roblyer enlisted in Co. C, 171st Pennsylvania Volunteers in 1861, and after serving two years was mustered out in July, 1863. In 1864 he re-enlisted in the 1st New York Light Artillery, from which he was given an honorable discharge in July, 1865.

STEPHENS, WILLIAM--was born near Rockford, Ill., in 1849. When but five years old his parents moved to LaSalle county where he lived until 1878. At this time he moved to Loup county, Nebraska, and settled on the farm that he now works. He was married in the spring of 1888. Mr. Stephens has gone through many experiences in this valley, some of which were very unpleasant. He has seen the blizzards and hailstorms of early years, to say nothing of his experiences with Doc. Middleton's gang of horse-thieves.

WILLIAMS, T. W.--Among the earliest of Loup county's pioneers was Mr. T. W. Williams, who like some others, had come a long way to find his present home. He was born in Wales, February 7, 1841. When but a lad of 13 years, he came to the old historic Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. Here he grew to manhood and, on March 29, 1862, he married Miss Mary Lewis of Pottsville, Penn. In the summer of 1865 they came to Missouri and for nine years lived in Mason county. They then came to York county. The following year they went to Hamilton county, arriving in Loup county in 1876, Here they homesteaded their present farm. They have had thirteen children, seven of which are now living.

WOODS, L. W.--was born in Farmington, Iowa, in 1859. When but four years of age his parents moved to Missouri where he remained until 1875. At this time he moved to Nebraska and settled in Burt county. He came to this valley in 1877 and took up his home in Custer county, bordering on the Loup county line. He has lived in this place ever since as a tiller of the soil.

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